Friday, July 3, 2020

Paulo Freires Social Justice Idea - Free Essay Example

Introduction Paulo Freires idea of learning for social justice has influenced many academic disciplines and has remained an inspiration to many across the world. This Brazilian educator has been revolutionary in his ideas of education for justice and he has left a significant mark on thinking progressive practices in education. Paulo Freires Pedagogy of the Oppressed is one of the most quoted educational text worldwide, through which he was able to weave together educational practices and liberation. He explained the deep theory and practice of liberatory education around the globe and relates the education to broader social movements to fight for humanity and liberation. Purpose of education is mainly concerned with literacy so that these educated people can make their own arguments by weighing different perspectives. So, the literacy would help men and women to overcome their sense of powerlessness and thus develop agency. They can tranform their situation relating to any problem in life by thinking critically about reality and then taking action. Freires theory relates this to overcome oppression by appropriate education and thinking critically. This oppression can be any problem associated with social, political and economical context of a persons life. To become such kind of literate we have to make our education system to support such transformation. According to Freire, education system played a central role in maintaining oppression and it need to be reformed in order for things to change for thewho suffered. Teachers who wants to change the world need to engage students in doing same as its the co-participation of both teachers and students in justice struggle. Teachers must be open with their views, but never impose them on students and give the right to students to have their own ideas, but also must have mutual respect for each others ideas. Key components and strategies of learning for justice theory: these key components of learning for justice will provide the insight of the whole process to impove existing teaching policies and strategies in padagogy. 1.Banking education Banking education framewrok explains the existing framework for curriculum delivery, in which the students are the depositories and the teacher is the depositor where the teacher makes deposits which the students patiently receive, memorize, and repeat. In this type of educational system, students are listening objects, are not asked to think critically about the world in which they live. They are merely asked to swallow information. This banking education allows the oppressors (policy makers, curriculum designers) to maintain the system of oppression, which minimize students creative power and to stimulate their credulity to serve the interests of the oppressors in which students do not have the opportunity to question or critically evaluate the world in which they live and thus have no opportunity to change their lives for the better. Alternative to banking education which Freire proposed as is the liberating education or questioning education. Liberating education involves a proce ss of humanizing people who have been oppressed, which can be related to todays school system to empower students to question education. It also empowers them to question their lives and their position in society. They will become more fully human and would know how to fight dehumanization which involves the injustice, exploitation and oppression etc. 2. Culture Cycle Freire took the education out of traditional (four wall) classroom, where students and teacher together discuss themes that have significance within the context of students lives. These themes should be discovered through the cooperative research of educator and student. These themes are related to nature, culture, work, and relationships and can be discovered by making connections with students and knowing their background and interests. These themes are then represented in the form of visual representations then students decode these themes and they recognize them as situations in which they themselves are involved as subjects. This process will engage them in critical consiousness. For example Gutstein, enhanced the coursework with the project in which students investigated racism and using mathematics as a key analytical tool, which emphasis on relating these themes to official curriculum by finding connections. The themes like racism, discrimination, gender, sex, can be taught i n classroom settings. 3. Generative themes and codifications Generative (capacity to unfold further to generate many themes) theme should be interested to students, which evoke importance or concern to them, so that discussion can be generated. The themes should be represented in the form of codification (either represented by a word or short phrase or a visual representation a picture or photograph). These codifications would make students explore these themes critically by regarding them objectively rather than simply experiencing them. System of codifications has been very successful in promoting literacy among adult students, Freire always emphasized that it should not be approached mechanically, but rather as a process of creation and awakening of consciousnes with which they decode the aspects of situation by feeling themselves in the situation and be able to reflect critically upon its various aspects. The activism can be applied by using approach of codifications, in which students would deal with a problem by feeling themselves in th at situation. For example themes like Raising social consciousness: prejudices and employment, Quality of life: consciousness and participation, Housing: urbanization and values, Cohabitation and violence. These themes with concrete representations of ideas, hopes, outlooks and challenges arising out of human beings orientations to the world will provide a certain view of viewing the world to the students. This practice is suggested to replace traditional method where teacher choose the program content and students adapt to it. 4. Praxis Freires concept of praxis in education is related to action research: a process where a group works together through cycles of action, reflection and further action to improve a situation. Freirean praxis assumes that education is political, so the practice of education must be informed by praxis learning begins with action is then shaped by reflection, which gives rise to further action. In order to transform the world, reflection and action are inseparable, you cannot act without thinking and reflection without action will not change reality. Which is required to replace the existing policy of teacher talks and student listens.

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Digital Technology and Filmmaking Essay examples - 1565 Words

Digital Technology and Filmmaking Since the first movies were first made, they have been shot using film of various sizes, such as 8mm, 16mm, and 35mm. Within the past few years, technology has brought digital cameras to the film industry, and now they are being used in independent and Hollywood films. The recent low budget film The Blair Witch Project was primarily filmed using a Sony VX1000 digital camera, and the movie The Celebration was totally filmed using this camera and the Canon XL-1, (Should I Shoot 16mm or Digital?). With some of digitals seemingly wonderful qualities, such as its low cost, it may seem to some like a profound revolution that will sweep the film industry. But is digital really as terrific as some†¦show more content†¦The site then mentions that the most commonly used cameras for independent film projects are the Sony VX1000 and the Canon XL-1. These cameras cost around $4,000. But you don’t have to buy them; there are places where you can rent them. Digital can be cheaper, b ut first you have to get the equipment to actually shoot digital In Newsweek magazine, Jan 10, 2000 issue, a brief article called Going Digital makes note of digital’s approaching effects (12). It says that because of the success of certain films shot digitally, such as The Celebration, the Sundance Film Festival anticipated a large number of digital entries this past season, which took place from January 20 till the 30 (12). They provided top of the line digital projectors at several of their locations. They aren’t the only group of people who are enthusiastic about digitals possibilities though. In Electronic Engineering Times, December 13 issue, an article called To Infinity and Beyond: Digital Cinema’s Promise written by Richard Doherty, tells about the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers annual meeting (85). Digital seemed to be the thing at the meeting that year, as everyone agreed that digital was going to go far, as it would be nearly limitless in the film industry. Lucasfilm engineers showed their digital versions of Star Wars Episode 1: The Phantom Menace in certain theatresShow MoreRelatedMovie Review : Easy Rider1600 Words   |  7 PagesSection 1: â€Å"Easy Rider† was a significant film because its success helped start a new Hollywood phase of filmmaking in the early 1970s. Films like â€Å"Duel in The Sun†, and â€Å"Red River† are what preceded films like â€Å"Easy Rider†. These films came into being and were financially successful because they temporarily relieved the fears aroused by a recognition of social and political conflicts. While studios suffered through a box-office slump from 1947 to 1968, the western proved to be a consistently ifRead MoreMovie Review : Easy Rider1600 Words   |  7 PagesSection 1: â€Å"Easy Rider† was a significant film because its success helped start a new Hollywood phase of filmmaking in the early 1970s. Films like â€Å"Duel in The Sun†, and â€Å"Red River† are what preceded films like â€Å"Easy Rider†. These films came into being and were financially successful because they temporarily relieved the fears aroused by a recognition of social and political conflicts. While studios suffered through a box-office slump from 1947 to 1968, the western proved to be a consistently ifRead MoreThe Negative Impact Of Digital Technology On The Film Industry1594 Words   |  7 Pages Digital Technology has taken over the world. We are now in the era where the access of digital technology is used at a frequent rate. As a result, digital technology has developed a major impact on the film industry. The transformation of the use of digital films has created a result of new advancement within technology, such as HD, 4K, 8K, and 3D films. With the birth of these visual technologies, it has created an eye-catching experience for the entertainment of the audience. Although the developmentRead MoreTelling a Story Across Multiple Media: Transmedia Essay528 Words   |  3 PagesWe are currently living in a digital era. As digital technologies evolve, documentary production is now facing an unprecedented transformation. The featured works is that there is no single template for production in terms of either the design of the interfaces and interactivity or the design of multi-platform to distribute documentaries. This latter form is now more often designated transmedia. Transmedia storytelling is defined as a concept of telling a story across multiple media, to educationRead More The Digital Film Making Industry Essays787 Words   |  4 PagesThe Digital Film Making Industry Digital filmmaking is quickly changing everything about filmmaking. Everyone from professionals to amateurs are currently seeing great advancements in many aspects of the industry. Every year thousands of independent films are made. The vast majority of these films are created using digital cameras and basic home computers. A few years ago this was impossible due the sheer cost of quality 35 millimeter cameras, and extremely expensive editing equipment. NowRead MoreTechnology In The Film Industry Essay1914 Words   |  8 Pagesrapid technology advancements. Camera technology has been a key factor that has influenced the growth of filmmaking. The first motion picture in the world was produced in the early 1880s, and the first public screening occurred ten years later. It didn’t take long for the quality of films to improve as new filmmaking equipment emerged. Ever since the first movie was produced, the film industry has been continuously changing in response to emerging filmmaking technology. Introduction of digital photographyRead MoreThe Convergence Of Popular Digital Technology1604 Words   |  7 Pagesproduction, the cost is a factor of how digital is influential in traditional big budget filmmaking like Dawn of the Planet of the Apes. Following the capture of the actor’s movements digital animation is required to complete the transformation to an ape. While the cost of motion capture itself is relatively high as it is a newer technology the cost of the animation is now comparably cheap to when it was first introduced. Evidence of this can be seen in the technologies convergence in television. Here theRead MoreFilmmaking Is An Art, It s Way Of Expressing Something1059 Words   |  5 PagesThrough out this student inquiry project i’ve decided to do something based on filmmaking, Filmmaking is an art, it’s way of expressing something. Film editing is partially defined ass creative post production process of filmmaking. In this era, film has made a huge impact on digital technology to be able to use different types of technology to edit. The editors are usually given a bunch of videos usually called ‘ raw’ footage their goal is to create a combined timeline of videos creating the storyRead MoreThe Impact Of Digital Technology On The Film Industry1966 Words   |  8 PagesThe Impact of Digital Technology on the Film Industry â€Å"Lights, camera, action!†, the director shouts at the beginning of a scene. Over the past decade, digital technology has changed the way we see films. From animations to documentaries, in today s age the digital world has started to change how movies are created and produced today. For example, Star Wars was the first to use computer generated special effects while Disney s Tron in 1982 was the first movie to use high resolution imagery. SevenRead MoreSome Theorists Believe Cinema Must Be Realistic And May1725 Words   |  7 PagesOthers, however, argue that cinema is an important and relevant art medium no matter its form. Digital cinema, while making use of new and different technologies such as animation, is the next step in the evolution of film. Contrary to what certain theorists believe, it is the most efficient and most artistically inclined way to create films as it offers a world of possibilities. This is elaborated on in â€Å"Digital Cinema and the History of a Moving Image,† an excerpt from â€Å"What Is Cinema?† the sixth chapter

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Anorexia Nervos A Serious Physical And Emotional Illness...

Introduction What is anorexia? According to Merriam-Webster, anorexia is defined as, â€Å"A serious physical and emotional illness in which an abnormal fear of being fat leads to very poor eating habits and dangerous weight loss† (Anorexia, Merriam-Webster). Or in other words, those who suffer from anorexia have a fear of being fat, so they consume little to no food. Anorexia is also linked to the anorexia nervosa, which is an illness that can potentially be a life threatening eating disorder caused by starvation and excessive weight loss (Anorexia Nervosa, Studies have concluded that 90-95% of girl’s and women suffer from anorexia nervosa and 0.5-1% of American women suffer from anorexia nervosa. This disorder is one of the most common psychiatric diagnoses in young women and is also one of the highest death rates of any mental health condition (Anorexia Nervosa, This paper will discuss the causes of anorexia a nd anorexia nervosa, as well as the signs and symptoms of both, including how these disorders are linked to dental and if available, what treatments can be used. Etiology What causes anorexia? Research has concluded that the cause for anorexia is inconclusive or unknown. But many do urge that those who do suffer from anorexia, have this illness simply because it runs in their family. It is said that females who have a parent or even a sibling who suffer from anorexia or even an eating disorder in general may

Friday, May 15, 2020

The Driving Hormone Controlled From The Pituitary Gland

Testosterone, a key element in the genetic makeup of all human beings. The driving hormone controlled from the pituitary gland. This hormone dictates the sex drive of the male human being. However, this hormone also leads people to believe that males should act and be a certain way. The concept of hegemonic masculinity, where hegemonic is defined as ruling or dominant in a social class, and masculinity is defined as possession of the qualities traditionally associated with men (Morettini, 2016). It originated with concepts such as masculine fundamentalism, which was a form of promoting dominance of a man in a household of married men (Frances Ester, 2013, p. 143). In today’s contemporary society, hegemonic masculinity is a key problem.†¦show more content†¦Paul’s High School, I have been subjected to many stereotypes. I am an Asian-Canadian male who identifies as a cisgender. In the context of high school and in Canada, I am a minority. However, I can call mys elf privileged, being able to go to a school such as St. Paul’s. On the other hand, going to a school such as St. Paul’s has downsides. I was subject to racism and looked down upon because of my height and frame. In addition, I was always told to man-up to create a sense of maturity and I was pushed to my limits to create a person who had my same image, however this person was much bigger and stronger. My achievements were looked down upon because whenever I achieved a high grade, it was always because â€Å"I was Asian.† All this accounted into a pressure that was built up, a sense that I was not good enough and a sense that I should be what the society’s definition of a man should be. I wondered as I got older, do we really get more mature. Do boys really become men, if all they are expected of is to be hegemonic and dominant. The real men, are those who have the confidence to create waves in the stalemate ocean of life. These men show a sense of power and confidence by showing their emotions and having a sense of their true character instead of conforming to the idea of a hegemonic male society. I wish to be one of those men, however such a task is difficult as many believe the human brain is hardwired to the concept of hegemonic masculinity. When FreudShow MoreRelatedSocm Study Guide Essay30404 Words   |  122 Pageslevel F. Organism level Identify the organ systems of the body and the major components of each system. 1. Integumentary system: * Cutaneous membrane (layers of skin) * Hair follicles * Hair * Sebaceous glands * Sweat glands * Nails * Sensory Receptors 2. Skeletal System: * Bones (s06), Cartilages, ligaments * Axial skeleton – skull, vertebrae, sacrum, rib s, sternum * Appendicular skeleton – limbs and supporting bones *Read MoreCoffee And An Injection Full Of Coffee Beans1519 Words   |  7 PagesHealth Canada states that 60 percent of Canadian adults take in caffeine through coffee, while 30 percent get their fix with tea. The remaining 10 percent of Canadians consumption of caffeine comes from pop, energy drinks, chocolate and medications [Best Health Mag]. Coffee drinkers can suffer from the draining side effects of a drug they didn’t realize they were taking daily; Caffeine.This is a big issue in today’s society and affecting many people’s health and surprisingly taking lives. SlideRead MorePsychology Workbook Essay22836 Words   |  92 Pagespsychology was instead focused on each individuals potential and stressed the importance of growth and self-actualization. The fundamental belief of humanistic psychology is that people are innately good and that mental and social problems result from deviations from this natural tendency. Cognitive psychology- the branch of psychology that studies mental processes including how people think, perceive, remember and learn. As part of the larger field of cognitive science, this branch of psychologyRead More The Federal Government Should Regulate Fracking Essay3255 Words   |  14 Pageshealth profile. This is clearly seen in the disparity between those living in areas exposed to toxic substances, versus individuals living in clean environments. Individuals in unpolluted environments experience the advantage of a body system free from the barrage of chemical assault. Unfortunately, people who live near toxic wastes or byproducts of industry, have a body that is in constant defense of attack. This natural defense mechanism can prove draining to the human body and endocrine disruptionRead MoreThe Signs and Symptoms of Stress2247 Words   |  9 Pagesin a constant state of stress can be very harmful to the body. The constant release of hormones can lead to high blood pr essure, depression, anxiety, and heart disease. Noticing signs of stress and using techniques to reduce levels of stress can help you avoid health issues. How Does the Body Respond to Stress? When your body perceives a threat of some kind your nervous system activates and releases hormones including adrenaline and cortisol to prepare the body for an emergency. Your heart rateRead MoreEffects of Lack of Sleep to Students of Philippine State College5455 Words   |  22 Pagesaeronautical students who have flight responsibilities. This research has been made to identify the relationship between lack of sleep and the quality of the performances done by the students of Philippine State College of Aeronautics. Students will benefit from this research for this may help in informing them why they should take enough sleep. This may also show the direct relationship that the quality of sleep received by the students affects their performance and participation in school. Related StudiesRead MoreVietnam Veterans : A Psychological Disorder3128 Words   |  13 Pagesbetween thirty and seventy percent of Vietnam veterans showed signs of PTSD resulting from the combat trauma (Burgess, Stockey, Coen, 2010). PTSD was recognized as a psychological disorder in DSM-III. Looming too large to ignore, veterans groups began to exert tremendous pressure to recognize the plight of Vietnam veterans. Research states there are between 500,000 and 1.5 million Vietnam veterans who suffer from PTSD living in the United States. Male veterans have a 30.9 % lifetime prevalence ofRead MorePsych Exam Chapter 1216262 Words   |  66 Pagesadjust his or her behavior or lifestyle would cause stress. 13. The Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS): A) measures acculturative stress. B) uses personality measures to estimate the length of time it will take a person to recover and readjust from the stressful effects of major life traumas. C) was an attempt to quantify and rank the impact of stress-producing events in a persons life. D) measures the effect that everyday events that annoy and upset people has on health and well-being. 14Read MoreModule Quizzes Essay14245 Words   |  57 Pageslong do you have to take an E-test? 2 hours Which of the following is curved? E-tests and the E-final Final Grades have? Pluses and minuses If a positive feedback signals reaches the comparator, what occurs? Comparator will turn on the controlled Where should you go to find updates on the course? Announcements in Bioespresso Where should you go to access your readings and assignments? Where do you submit your extra credit paper? Dr. Pozo’s office A student athleteRead MoreAutonomic Nervous System and Obj8649 Words   |  35 Pagesb.|they cannot be measured.| c.|there is no theory of motivation.| d.|they are questionable.| ANS: A DIF: 1 REF: 9-188 OBJ: 1 MSC: TYPE: Conceptual 5. The study of motivation is complex because it cannot be directly observed, only a.|inferred from behavior.|c.|assumed to exist.| b.|compared with other behavioral forces.|d.|subjectively viewed.| ANS: A DIF: 1 REF: 9-188 OBJ: 1 MSC: TYPE: Conceptual 6. Motives can take the form of a.|needs, drives, and incentives.|c.|stimuli, events, and

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The case for walmart - 989 Words

The Case for Wal-Mart Is Wal-mart the ideal store to shop it? Austrian economic and business professional Karen De Coster and banker Brad Edmonds believe that Wal-mart improves the lives of people in rural areas because it gives them access to a lifestyle that they would not have if Wal-mart did not exist. Karen De Coster is a freelance writer she is a graduate student in Austrian economics, and is also a business professional from Michigan. Although she has not finished her first book , she has written many other articles on many other things for example in August of 2009 she wrote â€Å"I’m the Government and I’m Here To Lie To You† . Brad Edmonds is a banker in Alabama. These authors are making an effort to inform people†¦show more content†¦They are able to take out valuable facts and information from their own knowledge and from research they were able to accumulate. â€Å"families who shop carefully at Wal-mart can actually budget more for inve sting on children funds or entertainment. And unlike other giant corporations , Wal-mart stores around the country make an attempt to provide a friendly atmosphere by spending money to hire greeters, who are often people who would have difficulty finding any other job.This is a partial solution to shoplifting problems; the solution Kmart applied (â€Å"Hey, whats in the bag?†) didnt work as well†(Brad Edmonds and Karen de Coster) This displays logos by staggering us with a factual paragraph stating that if someone really wanted to save money by shopping at Wal-mart they would have to do it carefully and then they would be able to invest on a childs fund for college or be able to save that money by investing it on something else. And Unlike other mom and pop shops Wal-Mart draws you back each time because they hire people that have a more difficult to time finding an ordinary job either because of their criminal records or because of a disability, unlike other store s they have greeters that make Walmart a more hostile environment to shop at. This strengthens her claim because it shows fact about how Wal-mart has a plan to be outgoing and be able to make it. Although they use appeals toShow MoreRelatedWalmart case902 Words   |  4 Pagesï » ¿ Summary Walmart is the world’s largest retailer with more than 8,400 stores globally and is now considering going green. Walmart moves massive amounts of products and uses a lot of other resources to operate its business and now they are trying to transform itself into a company that is seen as environmental friendly. The first step of Walmarts three-phase plan was receiving information from its 100,000 suppliers about their greenhouse gas emissions, water waste reduction efforts and otherRead MoreWalmart Case Analysis : Walmart922 Words   |  4 Pages WALMART CASE STUDY Walmart revolutionised the department store structure by drawing consumers away from the classical approach into an urban utopia. Walmart has a high distribution footprint, on average, since 1962 Walmart has acquired 125 stores each year, making them a monumental player in the department store industry. Walmart started as a monopoly occupying the entire market as the original mass commercial outlet. For some time, Walmart was considered a hypercompetitive environment becauseRead MoreWalmart Case1537 Words   |  7 Pages      Walmart  case      1.   To   what   extent   is   Wal ­Mart’s   performance   attributable   to   industry   attractiveness  and  to  what  extent  to  competitive  advantage?      Wal ­Mart ´s   performance   is  not  attributable   to   industry   attractiveness   due  to   the   high   internal   rivalry   within  the  retail  sector.  Such  rivalry  results  in  margin  compression  and   lower  growth  for  Wal ­Mart.   By  using  Porters  5   forces,   we  see  that  supplier  power  for  Wal ­Mart  is  weak  because   many   of   Wal ­Marts   suppliers  Read MoreCase Study on Walmart681 Words   |  3 Pagesclassic case study regarding the manner in which a company approaches (and fails miserably) in expanding operations outside the United States pertains to WalMarts endeavor to open the German market. After eight years of attempting to dominate and control the retail market much like it has accomplished in the United States, WalMart pulled the plug on its German operations and left that market with its business tail stuck between its legs. Headlined in the Times was the fact that WalMart, the worldsRead MoreWalmart Case Study1410 Words   |  6 PagesRagan Fretwell - Case 23: Walmart: But We Do Give Them a 10% Employee Discount Summary/Facts Walmart, one of the largest retailers in the world, was founded by Sam Walton in 1962. The first Walmart opened in Rogers, AR. It has since grown to over 10,300 stores all over the world. Employing over 2 million, it is hard to imagine the largest private employer in the world would ever be accused of being an unfair employee practices. Walmart has seen its share of litigation over the years. LitigationRead MoreWalmart Negotiation Case977 Words   |  4 PagesWALMART NEGOTIATION CASE: Walmart the worlds largest retailer, sold $315 billion worth of goods in 2006. With its single-minded focus on EDLP (everyday low prices) and the power to make or break suppliers, a partnership with Wal-Mart is either the Holy Grail or the kiss of death, depending on ones perspective. There are numerous media accounts of the corporate monolith riding its suppliers into the ground. But what about those who manage to survive, and thrive, while dealing with the classicRead MoreWalmart Case Essay722 Words   |  3 Pagesï » ¿Introduction to International Business: Case 4.2 Wal-Mart’s retreat from Germany: How distance made the replication of a domestically successful model impossible October 8th, 2013 1. What are some of Wal-Mart’s FSAs? To what extent are these FSAs location-bound or internationally transferable? Some FSA’s of Wal-Mart are EDLP (it’s ‘every day low price’ philosophy) and it so-called ‘exceptional service’ (it customer-service)1. EDLP is in general internationally transferableRead MoreWalmart Case Study2798 Words   |  12 PagesWALMART Andrew Louis Webster University MNGT 5650 Kenneth Chapman Wal-Mart study Case#1 1. What threats and challenges is Wal-Mart currently facing? From the beginning, Walmart did not have many threats. However, not only the competition is different, several global retailers such as Target, Carrefour, Costco, and Amazon, are working hard to keep efficiency. They are trying to work together to shrink the prices difference between them. Walmart has facing difficulties from everyRead MoreWalmart Case Analysis1680 Words   |  7 Pages â€Æ' Ryan McLaws Southern New Hampshire University ABSTRACT I will be examining 3 key issues in relation to the Walmart Corp. and how they have improves and areas that need improvement. These areas are as follows: †¢ Personnel †¢ Environmental †¢ Sound Business Practices In addition I will offer recommendations for improvement in these areas. Analysis of the issues: Personnel In orderRead MoreWalmart Case Study950 Words   |  4 PagesWalmart Case Study Case study Questions and Answers: 1- Examine the development of Wal-Mart over its 40 year history. It is now nearly half a century since Walmart exists. From humble beginnings in the 1960s in Arkansas to the world’s leading retailer, Walmart has come a long way to its success. Starting domestically in Arkansas, it was dedicated to its principals; genuine customer courtesy, a culture of respect for the individual and everyday low prices. In the 1960s, Sam Walton, the founder

`` Harrison Bergeron `` By Kurt Vonnegut - 1875 Words

The year 2081, and everybody was finally equal in every which way. Nobody was smarter than anybody else. Nobody was better looking than anybody else. Nobody was stronger or quicker than anybody else† (Vonnegut 864). In the futuristic short story, â€Å"Harrison Bergeron† written by Kurt Vonnegut Jr. illustrates a government implemented law of equality forced upon a society. Vonnegut a social commentator utilizes satirical events in the story to illustrate irrational thoughts and ideas from society. Satire is a special form of literature that seeks to expose foolish ideas and customs in a society. Satire does not lecture; instead, it exaggerates a part of society and lets the readers decide what to do about it, if anything. Most of the time,†¦show more content†¦The Slaughterhouse-Five was a satirical masterpiece claiming to be his greatest achievement. Satire is the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people s stupidity or vice s, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues the last of Vonnegut achievements was his novel Timequake and collection of essays A Man without a Country. He later died due to a fall on the steps of his home in New York on April 11, 2007. â€Å"Harrison Bergeron† is one of Vonnegut’s most significant stories. It was first published in The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction in 1961 and was later republished as part of the short-story collection Welcome to the Monkey House in1968 (Parr).Set in a dystopian America; it is often interpreted as a sweltering appraisal of strict governments. A dystopian setting often depicts characters that think technology and/or big government are trustworthy and will always protect them or save them. A dystopian society is also one that has lost ascetics of a culture, including art, music, drama, athletics, and/or creative expression. The settings in dystopian novels or stories are always bleak, oppres sive and offer no hope or individual freedoms for the masses. Individuals and even entire family units are sometimes distracted by technology, and they have sometimes fallen prey to a consumer mindset.

Relevance of Intellectual Capital Research †

Question: Discuss about the Relevance of Intellectual Capital Research. Answer: Introduction Uber Corporation is a company that started in the year 2009. Its headquarters are in San Francisco, California. The company operates worldwide in more than 570 cities spread across the globe. The company has specialized in development, marketing and operation of the mobile apps. These apps are the Uber Car transportation and food delivery mobile apps. People with cars; whether rented or personally owned can join and use Uber apps. Drivers use smartphones to connect with taxi customers who are also required to have smartphones or access to the mobile website. The company is, therefore, able to manage its operation using technological innovation (Barrett Sean, 2010). Innovation refers to the process of creatively generating new ideas that can be translated into the value which customers can pay for because it satisfies their particular need. Entrepreneurship refers to the course of applying through putting the innovative ideas into practice (Gassmann et al., 2010). This involves the company's willingness to invest in the notion and also acceptance and management of its associated risks. Nowadays, Innovation and entrepreneurship are considered to be the change driver, because business process change in many companies is mostly geared by the innovation and entrepreneurship (Christensen et al., 2015). Knowledge management entails all aspects of information in the organization. It covers information creation, movement, and its general use. This concept focusses on the various ways in which companies generate, share and utilize the information to act as a gear towards achieving their business objectives. It also covers the aspects of knowledge transition on how knowledge can be passed from those people exiting the company to those joining the organization. This helps mentor and build individuals who later become resourceful to the team (Booker et al., 2008). Governance refers to the established processes, rules, systems and the policies which are used to guide and control a given company. It, therefore, defines the way a given organization is lead. The organizations governance usually exists in two categories. Firstly, there is an internal aspect which constitutes the company policies and the ruling Constitution among others. Secondly, there is the external aspect which is made up of the government laws, existing regulations in the area of operation, the expectations of the community where the business is operating among others (Clarke, 2007). Innovation and Entrepreneurship at Uber Corporation Uber has shown a lot of efforts to adopt change for sustainability.Innovation entails coming up with new ways of doing business, coming up with lucrative ideas and their application. Uber was founded and is sustained by technological innovation. It has demonstrated its entrepreneurship through its acceptance to manage the risks that are associated with the implementation of the innovative ideas. The company is trying to implement and promote innovation by incorporating it into the organizations culture. These efforts have helped Uber to improve on its production and also in gaining the competitive advantage (Oke, 2007). Innovation and entrepreneurship have been a fundamental aspect driver in the business operation of Uber. It has shown a lot of efforts in adopting change and it runs on the technological innovation which has helped it to grow fast since the time of its establishment in the year 2009. Through, entrepreneurial spirit, the company has invested a lot of money and other resources into innovation. Through innovation, Uber has managed to improve on the brand strength by improving brand reach to its customers in the whole world. This has made it get a higher market ratio because many people at different places can access and use the Uber services (Kosoff, 2015). Besides improving the brand reach, innovation and entrepreneurial spirit of Uber have also helped it to make more profit. The company develops and manages two mobile applications where customers can access the services from wherever they are, and it is not a must for clients to come to the office in person. It is always convenient for customers to get a self-service, and Uber has achieved this. This has increased the client's number using the services because the technological innovation has made possible for them to get served from wherever they are. This is convenient for customers, saves them time, cost, and other also delivers them value (Dahlan Gann, 2010). It is evident that implementation of innovative ideas prone the organization to losses before the notion become successful. Innovation may require a lot of capital, resources and other massive inputs and thus the company will incur losses in case the implementation of the idea is not successful. Therefore, Uber needs to have an established system that can be applied to the potential risks through identification, controlling and solving of the bad events that may happen (Enkel et al., 2009). This is important and will help the company to gain more out of innovation. Uber Corporation has acquired a lot of technological innovation. The benefits have helped the company to move to the top in the transportation industry. Innovation and entrepreneurship have helped it to gain the more competitive advantage over other businesses in the transportation industry. Nowadays, innovation is the power for success in any industry, and it is, therefore, true that innovation plays a critical role in the profitability of the organization and the general sustainability of this company. Therefore, Uber should continue embracing change for it is a guarantee to growth. Domestic contextual factors Government regulations affect business in many ways. The policies and regulations of different countries always affect the businesses that operate in those countries. Some laws restrict certain activities that could be profitable to the organization such as those that mainly inhibit implementation of some creative ideas that seems lucrative to the organization. It is, therefore, important for Uber to ensure that it implements only strategies that are in line with the laws, policies, and regulations of the country of operation. This reduces the conflict in the business process that may arise when the company carries out its activities. Businesses operating in a given country are significantly impacted by the state of infrastructure in that country. A nation that has good roads, electricity and telecommunication systems will help businesses to carry swiftly thus more profitability. Roads help for quicker better movement of various aspects of production. A better telecommunication system in the country facilitates easier business information sharing thus improved productivity. It is, therefore, true that poor infrastructure hinders the productivity of the country while better one promotes performance (Lichtenthaler, 2011). Businesses operate at the mercy of the political state in the country of operation. A stable political state will help the business to operate normally according to their plan. On the hand, if the political situation of the country is not stable, the proper operation of the firm is interrupted. Thus they can't realize the expected profit due to reduced productivity. In extreme cases of political instability, some businesses are forced to close down. This, therefore, shows that the innovation and entrepreneurship or the general productivity of Uber is substantially determined by the political state of the country in operation (Midgley, 2010). International contextual factors People at different places have different beliefs and values which influence the business process in various ways. Some cultures advocate for particular products and services while others may be of the same. This affects the type of the goods and services consumed and their general purchase habits. If not well considered, companies may run to a loss. Thus, they need to understand the culture of their consumers to ensure that the products or services produced satisfy their demands and expectations (James Szeman, 2010). Some of the legal factors include ownership rights, rewarding systems, tax laws, business registration processes among others. These factors affect the business in many different ways. Business organizations must operate within the existing legal rules for their smooth running. Some legal factors may appear discriminating to the company, tending to restrict the business from certain activities yet allowing others. It should, therefore, come up with the strategies to comply with the legal system in place (Barry et al., 2017). World economic state affects the business in many ways; better state affects the business positively while bad state affects it negatively. Some of the economic factors include the labor conditions, inflation, cost of living and the cost of production among many others. Innovation and entrepreneurship in a given company are directly affected by the world economic state. Businesses enterprises make the profit when the financial condition of the world is right, for when there is no inflation, the cost of production is lower among others, but on the other hand, they make the lower profit when these factors of economic conditions have changed negatively (Chaudhry et al., 2007). Conclusion In conclusion, every business should embrace innovation and entrepreneurship culture. This can be implemented through strategic directions that accommodate innovative culture because the best way to adopt it is through organizations incorporation into their corporate culture. Innovation is nowadays a change driver, and it gives businesses a competitive advantage. Also, various factors affect the innovation and entrepreneurial culture of a given organization. These factors are categorized as internal factors such as the political state of the country, government regulations, and the infrastructure or may be international factors such as the legal issues, cultural factors, and the world economic state. All these factors have different effects on the business, and therefore it needs to come up with strategic plans that ensure they successfully ensure that these aspects work for them. References Barrett Sean D. (2010). The Sustained Impacts of Taxi Deregulation. Economic Affairs 30(1): 6165. Barry, Jordan M., and Elizabeth Pollman. (2017). Regulatory Entrepreneurship. Southern California Law Review 90(1): 363. Booker L., Bontis N., and Serenko A. (2008). "The relevance of knowledge management and intellectual capital research." Knowledge and Process Management.15(4): 235246 Chaudhry, Azam, and Phillip Garner. (2007). Do Governments Suppress Growth? Institutions, Rent-Seeking, and Innovation Blocking in a Model of Schumpeterian Growth. Economics Politics 19(1): 3552. Christensen, C.M., Raynor, M.E. McDonald, R. (2015). What is Disruptive website at accessed 08 May 2016? Clarke, Thomas (2007)"International Corporate GovernanceLondon and New York: Routledge,ISBN 0-415-32309-6 Dahlan, L. and Gann, D. (2010). How open is innovation?', Research Policy, Vol. 39, pp.699709 Enkel, E., Gassmann, O. and Chesbrough, H. (2009). Open RD and open innovation: exploring the phenomenon,' RD Management, Vol. 39, No. 4, pp.311316. Gassmann, O., Enkel, E. and Chesbrough, H. (2010). The future of open innovation,' RD Management, Vol. 40, No. 3, pp.213221 James, P. Szeman, I. (2010). Globalization and Culture, Vol. 3: Global-Local Consumption. London: Sage Publications. Kosoff, Maya. (2015). Uber Has a Clever Response to a Proposed Law That Could Kneecap the Company in One of Its Largest Markets. Business Insider. Http://?www.?business insider.?com/?why-uber-has-a-de-blasio-car-option-in-new-york-city-2015-7IR=?T. Accessed 09 may 2017. Lichtenthaler, U. (2011). Is open innovation a ?eld of study or a communication barrier to theory development?A contribution to the current debate, Technovation, Vol. 31, pp.138-139. Midgley, D. (2010). Integrated Strategies and Practical Tools for Bringing Value Innovation to the Market, Wiley Oke, A. (2007). Innovation types and innovation management practices in service companies. International journal of operations and production management, 27 (6), pp. 564-587